Where is Nepal?

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Many people are unclear on where Nepal is located. It is in Asia, between China and India in South Asia. Nepal is a country in the Himalayas, and shares borders with India to the south, east, and west, and China (Tibet) to the north.

Being part of the Indian Subcontinent, Nepal is considered to be in the region of South Asia. Nepal is a popular tourist destination for many reasons. Not least, the world’s highest mountain can be accessed from Nepal. People come to Nepal to climb Mount Everest and to trek to Everest Base Camp, subsequently, Nepal has a thriving tourist industry.

This post covers Nepal, its location and facts related to Nepal’s location, highest peaks, and geography.

Nepal is one of our favourite countries in the world and we have visited many times, we can share first-hand experiences with you of the Kathmandu Valley and the Himalayan region, as well as information and interesting facts about Nepal.

where is nepal located map

The Himalayas mark the northern extent of the Indian subcontinent. They divide the Tibetan plateau from the alluvial plains of India.

As Nepal lies on the southern slopes of the Himalayan ranges, it is usually considered part of this subcontinental region.

Nepal geography, view of the mountains from the flatter south
This photo was taken in the south of Nepal on the flat Terai region, near Chitwan. As you look north you can see the huge mountain peaks capped with snow.

Some parts of Nepal, in the south, lie on this flatter Indian plain region. This area is sometimes called the Terai. The mountain region of Nepal is in the northern portion of the country and this is where you’ll find many of the world’s highest mountains, including Mount Everest.

River in Nepal
A typical river in the mountains of Nepal. Steep valleys and rushing glacial melt waters, crossed by suspension bridges.

Nepal is landlocked. It has no sea or oceans at its borders, but Nepal does have some incredible fast-flowing glacial rivers. It is a popular destination for white-water rafting, as well as trekking. There are also some well-known lakes in the country, Phewa Lake in Pokhara being the most visited by typical tourists.

Where is Nepal Located?

south asia map location nepal

Don’t be embarrassed if you don’t know where Nepal is on the map, it’s very common to not know. Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet are a mystery to a lot of people.

I’ve met many who don’t know where Nepal is.

Nepal is in The Himalayas, as are Tibet and Bhutan, but the Himalayas are a huge mountain range stretching west to east for 1,550 miles or 2,500 km. Nepal lies on the southern side of the Himalayan mountain ranges

It is a small country, landlocked, fully enclosed by India on three sides, and the huge mass of China to the north. West to east, Nepal is approximately 800 Km or 500 miles across. Nepal’s width is in the range of 90 to 150 miles.

Where is Nepal on the Map?

We made this map of Nepal for you to use. You can scroll around, zoom in and out. Nepal is north of India, south of China. Directly south of Tibet China.

Nepal is a Country

Nepal is a country flag
Nepal is a country and has one of the most unusual flags in the world. This double triangle flag is the flag of Nepal.

Nepal’s full name is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and it is a sovereign country.

The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. This city lies in the Kathmandu valley at the confluence of the Baghmati River and Vishnumati River. Kathmandu is at a fairly low altitude for Nepal, but still a long way above sea level at 4,344 feet or 1,324 metres approximately.

Kathmandu is a fantastic city, home to ancient buildings and temples. It has several Unesco World Heritage Sites, including The Kathmandu Valley, Lumbini (the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and Chitwan National Park. (Source UNESCO)

Mount Everest reaches an elevation of 8,849m. Its height changes fractionally with time as the Himalayan region continues to evolve.

Nepal and Bhutan Location

Nepal and Bhutan are separate countries and lie close to each other in the Himalayas to the north of India, but they do not share a land border. The distance between Nepal and Bhutan is just 433 Km as the crow flies.

It is possible to fly to Paro, Bhutan, from Kathmandu, or travel by road through India to reach Bhutan.

Both Nepal and Bhutan are geographically in South Asia.

Nepal and Tibet

land border between Nepal and Tibet
This is one of the land borders between Nepal and Tibet. One was closed by the earthquake, this one was open. We drove here from Kathmandu, crossed on foot and continued into Tibet and on to Lhasa in a Chinese vehicle.

Nepal and Tibet share a border and it’s possible to travel north into Tibet from Kathmandu Nepal by road or by air.

This is a popular way to travel in Tibet for many tourists and agents in Kathmandu can arrange this journey for you, and handle visas for Tibet/China. Organised tours are really the only way to do this, but travel to Tibet from Nepal is very much worth doing.

The earthquake in Nepal caused damage to the usual road to Tibet but other routes are available, they simply take longer.

Tibet used to be a country in its own right, today it is part of China and is known as the Tibet Autonomous Region. Years ago Tibetans established themselves in parts of Nepal, and constitute one of several ethnic groups of native Nepalis.

Nepal is in South Asia, Tibet (China) is geographically in East Asia.

Crossing To Nepal By Land

roads in Nepal
Roads in Nepal aren’t so great and a lot of them are extremely mountainous. Roads in China (Tibet) and Bhutan that we saw were superb in comparison. Likewise, buses and jeeps were far more luxurious outside Nepal.

Although Nepal is a very mountainous country, yes, it is possible to cross into Nepal by land from both India and China.

There are multiple border entry points where buses, jeeps, and other vehicles can transport passengers and goods to the border, or even over the border into Nepal.

There are no railway lines in Nepal currently, this makes travelling to Kathmandu from India by train impossible. However, there is talk of extending Chinese rail links into Nepal.

Is Mount Everest in Nepal or Tibet?

everest base camp trek Nepal
The Everest Base Camp Trek, Nepal side. This sign is on the final day of the trek, approaching Base Camp, not far from the border with China.

Mount Everest is in both Nepal and Tibet (China). The most popular Everest Base Camp trek is in Nepal, the usual starting point is Lukla airport, however, there is an Everest Base Camp trek on the Chinese side of the mountain too.

The summit of Mount Everest sits on the border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region, it is visible from the road on the Chinese side however, the Nepali side is far less accessible.

In Nepal, the approach to Mount Everest is via Sagarmatha National Park, one of several National Parks in Nepal. The walk to Everest Base Camp from Lukla Airport takes about a week. There is no road at all, and no vehicles, beyond Lukla.

Is Nepal in Southeast Asia?

No, Nepal is not in Southeast Asia, Nepal is to the north and to the west of Southeast Asia. The western limit of the countries that make up Southeast Asia is Myanmar (Burma). Nepal is in South Asia.

South Asia is a sub region of Asia comprising 8 countries, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. Some sources argue that there are only 5 countries in South Asia, excluding Maldives and Afghanistan.

Southeast Asia is another subregion of Asia, made up of the countries, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar (Burma), Brunai, Tymor-Lieste, Cambodia, Phillippines and Indonesia.

Is Nepal in Africa?

No, Nepal is not in the continent of Africa. A lot of people do ask if Nepal is in Africa or Asia, which is quite hard to believe! It is in the continent of Asia, specifically, South Asia.

Nepal is The Oldest Sovereign Country in South Asia

Nepal is not part of India. Parts of Nepal have been in India over the years, as borders have shifted.

Nepal is the oldest independent sovereign country in South Asia, older than India in fact. Nepal was not colonized by the British when neighbouring countries in South Asia were. (source)

Nepal From Europe

Nepal is not part of Europe although back in the days of the hippie trail, it was common for travellers to take the bus overland from Europe, terminating in Nepal.

These buses used to arrive in Freak Street, Kathmandu. You can still drive to Nepal from Europe today. I’ve even met somebody who cycled to Nepal from Europe.

Top Places to Visit in Nepal

Nepal Icon most famous place
An icon of Nepal, the Swayambhunath Stupa in Kathmandu is possibly the most famous place in Nepal. It’s certainly one of the most beautiful religious buildings or temples in the world.

Now you know where is Nepal, you may want to know which cities, attractions and other places of interest are in Nepal. Nepal is a huge tourist destination country, of course, many visit for the numerous world-famous trekking routes in Nepal. Popular routes include Everest Base Camp, The Annapurna Circuit and Poon Hill. Kathmandu has plenty of famous places to see, such as Swayambhunath, Freak Street, the Thamel area and Boudhanath. Near Kathmandu, you will find Bhaktapur and Nagarkot, explore deeper and you could reach Pokhara, Lumbini or Chitwan in the south of Nepal, famous for tigers.
Click any of these links to learn more about these famous places in Nepal. You may also be interested in food in Nepal. Lumbini is where Lord Buddha was born and is home to a huge international Peace Park. Chitwan is famous for tigers, rhinos and elephants. Yes, there are rhinos in Nepal! Bhaktapur and Kathmandu have incredible ancient buildings, they are well worth visiting on your Nepal vacation.

Nepal was formerly home to the Nepali Kings and Royal Family. Today it is home to Prime Ministers. Kumaris, child goddesses, are still to be found in Kathmandu and the Kathmandu Valley.

There are many things to do in this wonderful country.

Nepal’s Latitude and Longitude

Nepal is a country in the continent of Asia. It lies in the Himalayas to the north of India and south of China. It is a landlocked country and its only borders are with China (Tibet) and India. Nepal is in the northern hemisphere, approximately 28 degrees north of the equator, 84 degrees east.

Is Nepal in Southeast Asia?

No, Nepal is not in Southeast Asia. If you’d like to find out which countries are in Southeast Asia, visit our post.

I hope you found our post explaining where Nepal is located useful. Did we fully answer your question? Where is Nepal located? Geography is a passion of ours, we travelled with our kids in part, to demystify the world’s locations. If there’s anything more you’d like to know about Nepal or any of the Himalayan kingdoms and countries mentioned above, you should be able to find it on our website. If not, ask in the comments.

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About the author
Alyson Long
Alyson Long is a British medical scientist who jumped ship to chase dreams. A former Chief Biomedical Scientist at London's West Middlesex Hospital she started in website creation and travel writing in 2011. Alyson is a full-time blogger and travel writer, a published author, and owns several websites. World Travel Family is the biggest. A lifetime of wanderlust and over 6 years of full-time travel, plus a separate 12 month gap year, has given Alyson and the family some travel expert smarts to share with you on this world travel site. Today Alyson still travels extensively to update this site and continue her mission to visit every country, but she's often at home on her farm in Australia.

9 thoughts on “Where is Nepal?”

  1. I was wondering about the people in Nepal how they live and different foods? Thanks Ruth

  2. Thanks a lot to describe our country nepal,your all words are amazing .jay nepal heartly namaskar.

  3. You absolutely right sir. Thank you so much to introduce my country in the world.


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