Where is Thailand? Thailand’s Location

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Thailand is a country in Asia, and one of the countries in Southeast Asia, a region which spans the north and southern hemispheres with Thailand being located entirely in the northern hemisphere. Thailand is a country, and is not transcontinental, ie Thailand is entirely part of Asia and no other continent. This post answers the question, where is Thailand?

Where is Thailand Thailand ruins
Where is Thailand? This photo is of Sukhothai Thailand, one of Thailand’s ancient cities and a former capital, before Bangkok.

Transcontinental countries exist. Turkey lies between Europe and Asia, as does Russia (Eurasia), but Thailand is not a transcontinental country.

Where is Thailand?

The country of Thailand is in Asia, and the part of Asia that is Southeast Asia, it is also part of South Asia or South-Central Asia. Thailand is north of the equator, the equator does not pass through Thailand at all.

The equator passes through Indonesia, to the south of Thailand.

Thailand has land borders with Myanmar (formerly Burma) to the west, Laos to the north, Cambodia to the west and Malaysia to the south. Thailand’s coastline is to the soth of the country, with beaches ans islans in the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea.

What is the Capital of Thailand

Bangkok thailand
Bangkok is the capital of Thailand. The building lit up at night in the photo is the Grand Palace, the older Royal Palace in Bangkok, there is also a new palace, with more European architecture nearby, still in Bangkok.

Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand in the northern hemisphere, in Southeast Asia. Bangkok is a wonderful place to visit. It would certainly be in our top 5 cities to visit in the world.

Bangkok is known as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon in Thai and more colloquially as Krung Thep. Bangkok grew around the Chao Phraya River and a diverse system of waterways or canals called Klongs.

Bangkok is prone to flooding and over 10 million people call Bangkok home.

Where is Thailand Not?

Some people believe Thailand is in China, it is not. Thailand is southwest of China and there is no land border between China and Thailand. The countries of Laos, Myanmar (formerly Burma) and Vietnam have borders with China in this region. Thailand does not have any direct border with Vietnam, Cambodia is between Vietnam and Thailand.

Thailand is not in India. Both India and Thailand are in Asia, but India is in South Asia, Thailand in Southeast Asia. India is west of Thailand and the two countries do not have a land border. The country of Myanmar (formerly Burma) lies between India and Thailand.

Bali is not in Thailand, Bali is one of the islands making up the country of Indonesia. Both Indonesia and Thailand are in Southeast Asia. Bali is south of Thailand, and to the west. Bali is in the Southern Hemisphere, Thailand is in the Northern Hemisphere. The distance between Bangkok and Bali is 2,940 km or 1,827 miles and the flight time is around 4 hours 15 mins, so Bali and Thailand are not close at all, but there are fairly cheap direct flights on AirAsia.

Thailand is not in the region of Oceania, it is in the Asia Pacific region and is part of Southeast Asia and Oceania, along with The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Thailand is not in Europe, although it is a very popular destination for European holiday makers. There are direct flights to Thailand from many parts of Europe including London to Bangkok on Thai Air. The flight time on this route is 11 hours 40 mins, and this flight can be very affordable, we flew this route recently and it was a great flight, Thai Airways are a great airline in our experience.

Thailand is a Country

Thailand on map
Map showing Thailand and the Middle East. The marker is over Bangkok. Cambodia and Vietnam, are to the East of Thailand. Malaysia and Singapore are to the south, Myanmar to the east. The northern parts of Myanmar and Laos make up Thailand’s direct northern border.

Thailand is a country in the continent of Asia, with many islands as well as the large mainland. The capital of Thailand, Bangkok, is not on the Thai islands, it is on the mainland in the south, near the Gulf of Thailand.

The biggest of Thailand’s islands, Phuket, is a very popular and commercialised holiday destination. It is connected to the mainland by road and has its own airport. Ko Samui is another of Thailand’s islands that is popular with holiday makers, again, Ko Samui has its own airport. Thailand also has dozens of smaller islands that can only be reached by boat, many have well-established and regular ferry connections.

Thailand’s coastline and tourist beaches are on the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand.

Thailand has a strong economy and was ranked 13th of the 39 countries that make up the Asia Pacific region.

The Provinces That Make Up Thailand.

The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok and this has its own special administrative area, aside from this, Thailand is divided into provinces. 76 provinces plus the special administrative area make up Thailand.

Is Thailand a Country?

Yes, Thailand is a country. Thailand was historically called Siam and today the country of Thailand’s official name is The Kingdom of Thailand. Thailand is not a communist country although it did at one time have its own communist party. Thailand became a constitutional democratic monarchy in 1932 (after the democratic revolution) but Thailand has been under the control of military governments regularly. The monarchy still exists and is greatly respected in Thailand today.

Which Time Zone is Thailand In?

Thailand’s time zone is Indochina Time (ITC), which is GMT+7. This means that if you’re standing in London at noon, the time in Thailand should be 7pm. (Depending on the time of year, the UK keeps British Summer Time with clocks going forward in spring, back 1 hour in fall.)

Indochina Time is usually 9 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time (GMT-5). So if it’s noon in New York, it should be 11pm in Thailand. (Again, depending on daylight saving).

Thailand reportedly does not have a seasonal clock changing or daylight saving time, EST does. Please double-check my maths on this, I’m not the best mathematician, preferring Geography.

Other countries that share ITC include Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, partly or in whole.

What Continent is Thailand In?

what continent is thailand in map
A map of the continents of the world showing where Thailand is. Thailand is in the continent of Asia.

As you can see from the map of the continents of the world, above. Thailand is in Asia. Specifically south-central Asia, or Southeast Asia.

Thailand is entirely in the northern hemisphere, even Thailand’s popular southern beaches and islands are in the northern hemisphere, avbove the equator. In fact, the whole of the Asian mainland is in the northern hemisphere, with some islands south of the equator. Bali, for instance, an island of Indonesia, is below the equator as the equator line passes through Indonesia.

In Thailand’s southern mainland, Bangkok is 945.27 miles or 1,521.27 km north of the equator. Chiang Mai in the north of Thailand is 1,298.71 miles or 2,090.07 km north of the equator. Even the island of Phuket is 551.66 miles or 887.82 km north of the equator. 

The whole of Thailand is located in the tropics, lying between the Tropic of Cancer (The Northern Tropic) or (23.43637° latitude or thereabouts) and The Equator. Thailand is therefore a tropical country, but local climate varies with elevation, mountainous parts of Thailand can be quite cool and the eastern end of the Himalayan foothills are in Northern Thailand.

Mount Inthanom in Northern Thailand, is Thailand’s highest mountain, reaching 8,481 feet or 2,585 m. Mount Inthanom or Doi Inthanon is southwest of the city of Chiang Mai in the Danen mountain range.

Is Thailand in Indonesia?

No, Thailand is not in Indonesia. Thailand and Indonesia are two separate countries, both in Southeast Asia. Thailand and Indonesia do not share a land border so you can’t drive to Indonesia from Thailand. The distance from Thailand to Indonesia as the crow flies (shortest distance) is 2,327 km or 1,446 miles. Approximately.

Thailand is in the Northern Hemisphere, whereas Indonesia is in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres as the equator passes through Indonesia. The holiday island of Bali is in the Southern Hemisphere.

Putting Thailand in Categories

As we run a travel blog that is divided into categories by country or region, you will find Thailand in the Asia category on this website.

If you’re looking for our Thailand content, we list it under the parent category Asia, and in its own category, Thailand. He have a tag for Southeast Asia.

We posts on many parts of Thailand on this website

If you’re looking for more information on Thailand, attractions, and travel in Thailand, see our full Thailand travel blog or our Thailand travel index and guide.

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About the author
Alyson Long
Alyson Long is a British medical scientist who jumped ship to chase dreams. A former Chief Biomedical Scientist at London's West Middlesex Hospital she started in website creation and travel writing in 2011. Alyson is a full-time blogger and travel writer, a published author, and owns several websites. World Travel Family is the biggest. A lifetime of wanderlust and over 6 years of full-time travel, plus a separate 12 month gap year, has given Alyson and the family some travel expert smarts to share with you on this world travel site. Today Alyson still travels extensively to update this site and continue her mission to visit every country, but she's often at home on her farm in Australia.

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