Regular readers will know that we just spent almost a month in Egypt. Why? For fun, obviously and to please our kids who are fascinated by learning about Egypt. I think most kids are. Ancient Egypt, the Sphinx and the Great Pyramid ( allegedly the last of the 7 Wonders of the World) hold a unique fascination for children and my boys are particularly interested because of their own reading. We are homeschoolers, unschoolers or world schoolers depending on our mood, so after a month of free learning, we often come home and try to consolidate what we’ve learnt. This time something different. I’ve let the kids write most of this post. They picked their favourite things about modern and ancient Egypt to share with you and your kids. Learning resources, books and movies are also included.
D is 12, Boo is 10, they worked on this post together using what they learned in Egypt, what most impressed them, what they’ve picked up from reading and Google to fill in some hard facts. Mum then helped fix up some of the grammar and we found our favourite photos and YouTube videos to help tell the story. I hope you find it useful and maybe you could incorporate our experiences into your own home education plan or unit study. This is how we learn on the road. Is it better than school? You tell me what you think in the comments, I know what I think. Over to the boys.
Canopic jars were used to contain the lungs, intestines, stomach and liver of mummified people and animals. The lids of the canopic jars were commonly minor deities known as the four sons of Horus their names were
- Imsety, human, the liver.
- Hapi, baboon, the lungs.
- Qebehsenuef, falcon, intestines.
- Duamutef, jackal, the stomach.
The brain was thought to be the source of mucus, so was liquified, drained and discarded. The heart was considered the home of the soul and was left inside the mummy.
Shabti, Burials and the Afterlife
Pharaohs were often buried with clay statues called shabti, these represented servants to serve the Pharaohs in the afterlife. The pharaohs were also buried with treasures such as gold, canopic jars, gemstones, food, jewelry and furniture all of which were for use after death. Unfortunately almost all of the tombs were looted by grave robbers. The only tomb found untouched was the tomb of King Tutankhamen.
The Nile and the Aswan Dams.
The Nile is vital to life in Egypt. The world’s longest river supplies Egypt with water. Before the High Aswan Dam was built it brought rich and fertile new soil when the Nile flooded. Now all of the silt is trapped in Lake Nasser. The flooding of the river was vital in the creation of the pyramids on the west bank of the Nile because the stone was quarried on the east bank and transported via boat . This was only possible when The Nile was in full flood, it used to flood right up to the pyramids. The Nile originates in Burundi and flows through Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan and Sudan before reaching Egypt. It eventually enters the Mediterranean Sea after fanning out to become a delta in Northern Egypt.
There are two dams on the Nile at Aswan. The low dam is smaller and older. The High Aswan Dam was built between 1960 and 1970 to generate hydroelectric power and to allow irrigation of crops year round and in times of drought. The dam was built under President Nasser, he called it a pyramid for the living and the lake it created, Lake Nasser, is the biggest man made lake in the world. The formation of the lake meant that many ancient Egyptian temples had to be moved, including Abu Simbel. The lake stretches to Sudan.
King Tutankhamun’s tomb was found by Howard Carter in 1922. It was discovered in the Valley of the Kings which is on the west side of the River Nile at Luxor . Luxor was called Thebes in ancient times and was the 2nd capital of Egypt after Memphis. King Tutankhamun was a boy king, he married his sister at ten years old and died only 9 years later. King Tut’s treasure is in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, his mummy is in a glass case in his tomb at the Valley of the Kings. I found that King Tut’s mummified body scared me a little. The gold was beautiful.
The video is about how the tomb was discovered and the legend of the curse of King Tut.
Amun Ra & Akhenaten
Akhenaten was an Egyptian Pharaoh who originally went by the name Imhotep IV, like his father, Imhotep III. He changed his name to Akhenaten when he founded the religious cult of Aten, the sun disc. Akhenaten’s religion was probably the first to worship one deity ( monotheism) rather than many (polytheism). Akhenaten was married to Nefertiti. Nefertiti means ” the beauty has come” and she was considered very beautiful. There is only one image of her in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo ( below).
Akhenaten was really spooky looking. Nefertiti and Akhenaten ruled around 1300 BC, three and a half thousand years ago. Akhenaten’s tomb is thought to be in the Valley of the Kings. He was probably King Tutankhamun’s father (video on DNA analysis of King Tut here), but Nefertiti was not his mother although she was chief wife. Their religion was overthrown after Akhenaten died and Egypt returned to the old gods.
Hathor & Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple
Hathor the cow goddess was the goddess of fertility for women. We saw sculptures of Hathor at the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut and at Philae, the temple of Isis. Hatshepsut was a female pharaoh who wore the pharaonic fake beard to show her power. Hatshepsut came to the throne about 1500 years before Christ, 3500 years ago.
The Pyramids at Giza
The 3 main pyramids at Giza are approximately four and a half thousand years old and were built by the people below. The rock they used came from the other side of the Nile and was floated across before being stacked up by slaves using mud brick ramps. They are not the oldest pyramids in Egypt, there are older ones further south, we saw those too and went inside.
- Khufu or Chiops (the great pyramid) 2550BC
- Kafre or Khefren ( the face on the sphinx and son of Chiops) 2520B
- Menkaure or Menkerinos( the smallest) 2490BC
Cleopatra and The Ptolemies.
Cleopatra was a really famous Egyptian ruler. She was in charge of Egypt at the time of the Romans and even had a son with Julius Caesar, Caesarion. After her reign, Egypt became part of the Roman Empire. Cleopatra wasn’t Egyptian, it is thought her family, the Ptolemies were from Macedonia. The Ptolemies ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great. Cleopatra spoke Greek and thought she was a reincarnation of the goddess Isis. After Caesar was assassinated she had children with Mark Anthony. Cleopatra and Mark Anthony committed suicide around 30BC.
The Rosetta Stone
It’s really important to know about the Rosetta Stone because this was the key to translating hieroglyphs. You can see it at the British Museum in London. Without it we wouldn’t know nearly so much about ancient Egypt.
Read: Books on Egypt for Kids
Rick Riordan’s books on Ancient Egyptian mythology are fantastic and a great way to get kids hooked.The children started reading them around 9 years old and still re-read then at almost 13.
Watch: Movies About Egypt for Kids ( suitable for kids)
These are all full movies, find them online, if your in doubt as to age appropriateness for your kids, give it a Google.
The Gods of Egypt
The prince of Egypt
The Ten Commandments
Anthony and Cleopatra
Exodus: Gods and Kings
The Scorpion King
The Mummy, both versions
Raiders of the Lost Ark
Back to our main travel in Egypt page.