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What is a Hopper? Sri Lankan Food, Hoppers

What is a hopper? I’d read about them in the Sri Lankan food section of the Lonely Planet, but until our latest month in Sri Lanka I’d never seen or tried one. That was because my first trips to Sri Lanka were as a much richer tourist staying in fancy hotels often eating at the more expensive beach restaurants.

To get hoppers you needed to go to the local eateries, the roti huts, and “hotels” as restaurants in Sri Lanka are often called. These days hoppers are far easier to find, on our last trip we saw hoppers served on hotel buffets and cooked for us in private villas, hoppers are on the rise!  One hotel even had a live cooking station at breakfast producing plain and egg hoppers to order. All had string hoppers and typical curries on the breakfast buffets.

Hoppers are cool these days and tourists seem more willing to try local food, so if you’re heading to Sri Lanka you should now have no problem finding them.

All types of hoppers were big winners for us, particularly with the kids. Hoppers come in different varieties, you’re bound to find the hopper for you.

Hoppers is the anglicised name commonly used in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is very anglicised generally. You may also see them on the menu as appam, string hoppers as idiyappam.


Hoppers come in many forms, standard hoppers are typical Sri Lankan bowl shaped pancakes, string hoppers are nests of noodle-like steamed batter, hoppers can be filled, you’ll see egg hoppers, vegetable hoppers and sweet hoppers. There are more examples on this page. Lets answer that question, “what is a hopper?” in full.

Plain Hoppers

What is a hopper? Hoppers Sri Lanka, part of a Sri Lankan breakfast
Plain hoppers and string hoppers as part of a delicious Sri Lankan breakfast

Hoppers in their simplest form are bowl-shaped pancakes made from fermented rice flour and coconut milk. Cooked in small round pans, they tend to come out crispy round the edges, thicker at the bottom.  They are top right in this photo of a fantastic Sri Lankan breakfast. To eat hoppers you smoosh them with your fingers into the curry and sambol. I believe the technical term for Sri Lankan style eating is smooshing.  We became quite good smooshers.

Or you could ask for a knife and fork, nobody will mind.

Egg Hoppers

Hoppers Sri Lanka. Egg Hopper
Sri Lankan egg hoppers

Egg hoppers are simply a plain hopper with an egg cracked in the bottom. We only really saw these in the evening. Sri Lankan food tends to run to a timetable, you can’t always get the same food all day.

Sri Lankan Food Guide. What is a hopper? egg hoppers, plain hoppers, string hoppers and sweet hoppers, they're all good and the next big thing in pancakes.

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I like my egg hoppers spiced up with some fresh coconut (pol) sambol as below, the children like theirs with cheese.

Look out for road-side hopper huts with their rows of tiny round pans, take them home or eat in.

Filled Hoppers

egg and vegetable hopper
Hopper cooking in Ella . Egg and vegtable.

Hoppers can come with all sorts of fillings

These are vegetable and egg hoppers at The Roti Hut, Ella Sri Lanka. Our favourite place to eat, on the main street in Ella. They cost almost nothing.

egg and vegetable hopper 1
My kids loved Sri Lankan food, particularly hoppers.

The finished dish. I was really happy to feed the boys these hoppers, some good nutrition going on there, and nothing too spicy.

Cheese and egg hoppers were good, too.

Curd and Trickle Hoppers

Hoppers Sri Lanka. Desert with curd and trickle.
Sri Lankan hoppers can be desert too, here with curd and “trickle”

A special treat. Curd is fresh buffalo yogurt, or sometimes cow.  Small road-side stores sell the curd in terracotta pots wrapped in leaves or newspaper all over Sri Lanka. Trickle (aka treacle or honey) is coconut palm syrup, it has a lovely smokey flavour.

String Hoppers

Sri Lankan hoppers string hoppers
String hoppers, another breakfast time hopper, with dahl and pol sambol.

Idiyappam or string hoppers are the things that look like nests of spaghetti in this breakfast picture. To make string hoppers Sri Lankans mix red or white roasted rice flour with water to make a dough, then push it through a sieve or press to make the strands. The little matted nests then go into a steamer.

String hopper makers are widely available in Sri Lanka,  in the UK you can buy one on Amazon, (for USA click here).

Making String Hoppers. Sri Lankan Food
Making string hoppers in Sri Lanka

String hoppers are an essential part of a Sri Lankan breakfast. They are very good for smooshing into the curries and sambols.

String hoppers can also be served with curries at dinner as they were at the luxurious Max Wadiya villa. The private Chef there, Ranjan, gave us a string hopper making master-class (above).

There you go, now you know all about hoppers! They’re nothing fancy, but tasty and great for kids, we’re marking them up as one of our food highlights from around the world. If somebody asks you “What is a hopper?” just tell them they’re a Sri Lankan pancake.

If you want to make string hoppers at home, you’ll need an Idiyappam maker (a noodle maker is just as good) some Idiyappam flour (buy online here) and, of course, an Idiyappam recipe. Just click through for all 3, Chef has been busy!  So now you know what a hopper is, back to our main Sri Lanka Travel Blog page for everything you need to know about this fabulous country as a travel destination. More on Sri Lankan food here.

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